What is worship (Puja)? Worship is venerating God with flowers, water, rags, gifts and honey etc. It makes the worshiper pure, beautiful and god-fearing. The worshiper must have a lot of devotion, respect and self-sacrifice. In the Sanatani Hindu Society, thirteen parbanas (worships) are held in twelve months (a year). Among them, Durga Puja is the greatest religious festival.
This worship is unique, comprehensive, broad and largest arrangement. This veneration is held twice in a year: Sharadiya Durga Puja during the autumn and Basanta Durga Puja during the spring. Besides doing other sanatani worships, there is spiritual and social significance in this worship as Durga Puja is called Mohapuja (Great Worship).
In this worship there is relevance of all the worship. Goddess Durga is not only worshiped in Durga Puja, but also worshiped Lakshmi, Saraswati, Kartik, Ganesha, Shiva and even their medium (vehicle) such as lion, owl, duck, peacock, rat, bull etc.
Again, Ashur (the giant) is also worshiped in this worship. Co-operation is needed of all types of people in a society. In this worship, participation of everyone from Teli, Mali, Dhupi, Barbers to Brahmin is inevitable. Durga puja unites all participation of all creates a great union.
Various types of plants, products, musical instruments, ornaments and even soils are also needed in Durga Puja. Different types of people and ingredients create a social unity, which is the demand of time. Durga Puja is worship of unity from all sides. Dugra is the goddess of unity and unity is strength. Durga Singhabahini (Lion is the bearer of durga) and Mohishashurmardini (Durga is the destroyer of Mahishashur) with Goddess Lakshmi on her right and God Ganesha on her (Lakshmi) right. On the left side, Goddess Saraswati and on left of Saraswati God Kartik is set. Shiva, the best of all, is above Durga.
This Platform of Durga Puja has great significance. In order to manage a state even a family, there are four pillar combinations is needed. They are a) Brahmanic power (Saraswati), b) Cuneiform (Kartik), c) Vaishya power (Lakshmi) and d) Mass power (Ganesha). The structure of Durga Puja is an ideal lifestyle. Those who don't worship can also draw the ideal of development and solidarity from Durga Puja.
Durga Puja is the worship of devine power. This worship is held in the light of holy Chandi which belongs to Markendeyo Purana. Sanatan religion is mainly consisting of two sections. One is Vedic and another is Tantric. In vedic, God (male) and Empyrem (Yajna) are cardinal. On the other hand, Goddess (Female) and worship (puja) is cardinal in tantric.
Vedic pursuit is largely monotheistic and Tantric pursuit is largely dualistic. Though both dogma follows same aim. At present, Empyream has also been associated with worship. Mankind union is the social aim of worship. The spiritual goal is to gain the close relationship of God and here is the absolute peace. Spiritual achievement is not surprised if there is no social peace. Only after raising a boast, there is a danger of a mistake in the original. There need union, amity with man and also need to realize spiritual significance. By doing this, life will be worthwhile.
There are two sides of religion practice. On one side reconcile with God on the other side reconcile with people. Sanatan religion teaches people to embrace all, to create and protect brotherhood with everyone. Durga Puja rehearses us to set up divine forces and knock down the evil forces. This worship has greatly benefited Bengali literature and culture. The medieval of Bengali literature is full of power worship when Chandimangal, Annadamangal etc. were written. The variety of artwork has happened in the Durga structure.
Therefore, Durga Puja is not only a combination of water, fruits, flowers and mantra (verse) accent but also has the overall development direction of life. This worship is religious ceremonies as well as social gathering festival. The writer is former lecturer in Economics, and Founder General Secretary of Bangladesh Geeta Shiksha Committee
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