Following the most terrible human catastrophe of the Second World War, the world has once again been in a threat of havoc with the emergence of new political polarization between two axes.
Tension has mounted time and again following repeated nuclear tests by both countries of the group to show their respective hegemony. The world is bifurcated - communist and capitalist - and in effect, both the fronts have appeared dread to the conscientious man.
The USA, and Soviet Union -- the former communist fort of present Russia - have made such triviality with the innocent people in the world that no humanistic appeal is granted from their part. A third world war of devastation is thus in the offing.
As a result, global and regional tension grows amid alarming competition; allocations of defense budget of the countries have increased by 100-percent or so keeping the economic progress aside. Military power thus comes in the front again to destroy peace.
Peace virtually gets out of the way and uncertainty grips with monstrous arms. People are scared stiff and find the way to get it over. For more than one reason, the world has been suffering from the crisis of humanity due to extreme egocentric convulsion.
As a result, it has become imperative to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war and the loss of humanity.
Hence, United Nations (UN) declares International Day of Living Together in Peace on 16 May to be celebrated every year to focus on the point that may help the nations be aware of. All the member countries, international and regional organizations, non-government organizations, and the civil society are directed to observe the day. More importantly, this day has been connected with sustainable development of nations.
Accordingly, this day has been envisaged as an important one in terms of socio-economic progress. Of course, its importance takes two different grounds: political and economic. Political aspect of peace ensures economic progress and social stability. But, in most part this is hampered by militancy.
Civil as well as military war destroys human common sense; do away with suavity and civic duties. The prime concern for the day thus encompasses some serious issues including peace and non-violence, interreligious fraternity, intercultural dialogue, understanding and cooperation, and of course a comprehensive approach to humanity. This day also reaffirms human rights and individual freedom as well as recognizing gender independence.
In the resolution, UN writes, 'The Declaration also recognizes that to fulfill such an aspiration, there is a need to eliminate all forms of discrimination and intolerance, including those based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.'
This day also makes people aware of their liberty and teaches how to live a better life among multicultural environment. In effect, this day is supposed to be the amulet of the vulnerable section of world people.
It has been clear to the world community that peace can never be attained among the nations without their constant mutual interactions and positive understanding. Unfortunately, the world always faces danger in spite of having initiatives taken by some good people. But, it comes clear to the people that only mutual cohabitation and culture of tolerance can bring stability. To be certain, the present world terribly lacks this good sense.
Certainly, the world had been in crises of faith among the contending nations. War in a different form locally or regionally continues to occur. Middle-East to Africa perhaps there can hardly be found any nation which is kept outside of terrorism and war.
Roughly, it records that a total of 150 million people were dead in the last century due to war and war-like global phenomena. Few hundred people are being killed each day by their neighbors or same believers within religion each day. Now, the killing rate becomes high in the middle-east and South-Asia including Afghanistan and Pakistan due to religious fanaticism.
Africa has been shattered by civil war and vast of its areas have been terribly devastated by racial and religious intolerances. In the name of religion, innocent people have been killed and kidnapped at different parts of Africa resulting large scale famine and poverty.
Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Togo in West Africa and Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda of East Africa are the major troubled parts of Africa where human rights are trampled down. Millions of children are dying in Sudan due to under eating and malnutrition.
In Asia, Israel-Syria-Iran became the most dangerous zone where Russia and America are playing foul game behind the massive havoc. Nobody is affirmed today, how many people are being killed there each day. Besides, Pakistan and Afghanistan have also been shattered by radicalisms.
Again, in Korean peninsula the picture is supposed to be improving slightly following an agreement between North and South Korea. Kim Jong-Un, president of North Korea, comes back from his madness recently and met his South Korean counterpart unexpectedly. Donald Trump, the most disputed person in America's recent history, becomes malleable after a fierce skirmish with Kim Jong-Un. Both of them understand their lunacy and shun the way of their blindness.
Now, the present context which the world-people are longing for is a guarantee for peace and collective restraint. Unabated desire for occupying and unbounded lust for power pushes the entire world in utter uncertainty. Lest we forget that this day must revisit our sense of morality.
The writer is Professor and Chairperson, Department of Philosophy, Jagannath
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