Satyendra Nath Bose

Published:  12:47 AM, 01 September 2018

An Indian physicist specializing in theoretical physics

An Indian physicist specializing in theoretical physics

Satyendra Nath Bose was honored with Padma Vibhusan in 1954, the second-highest civilian award in India. In 1959 he was appointed National Professor and the highest honor in the country for a scholar.

Satyendra Nath Bose was one of the world's pioneering theoretical, widely called the 'Father of the God Particle' for his work on the Boson, a class of particles named after him because they obey Bose-Einstein statistics. His work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s laid the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate.

Satyendra Nath Bose, also known as SN Bose, was born on January 1, 1894, in Calcutta, the eldest and only male in a family with seven children. Satyendra's father was Surendranath Bose, an accountant in the East Indian Railway Company. Surendranath had a great interest in mathematics & science and in 1903 founded a small pharmaceutical and chemical company.

Satyendra's mother was Amodini Devi, a lawyer's daughter. Satyendra was the couple's eldest child and their only son; in the years following Satyendra's birth, his parents had six daughters. Satyendranath Bose's mother, Amodini Devi, had received little formal education but she skilfully brought up her large family of seven children.

Bose was an alumnus of the Presidency College, where he studied an intermediate science course with Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray who also went on to become renowned scientists in their own rights. He was awarded with Bachelor of Science in mixed mathematics in 1913 from Presidency College and got a Master of Science in 1915 from Calcutta University.

Bose soon married Usha Devi became a professor at Dhaka University. However, he moved back to Calcutta in 1945 and continued his research on various theories of Physics. In 1924, while working in Dhaka, he wrote a paper deriving Planck's quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics. He did this by counting states with identical particles and his paper in a way gave birth to the field of quantum statistics.

But the paper was not accepted for publication. However, Albert Einstein, to whom Bose had sent a copy, translated the paper into German and submitted it on Bose's behalf to the prestigious Zeitschrift für Physik. He later went on to work for a considerable amount of time in European X-ray and crystallography laboratories as recognition of his paper. This was when he got to work with Einstein as well as Louis de Broglie and Marie Curie.

The S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established by the government in Calcutta in 1986.  He was also part of several research and development committees. Bose died on February 4, 1974.

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