Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) won 140 seats in the election of 1991 whereas Awami League acquired victory in 88 constituencies. Awami League was much confident about winning the polls of 1991 though BNP won the election that year.
Awami League president Sheikh Hasina brought allegations of delicate rigging after the polls. Dr. Kamal Hossain also lost that election. Though Sheikh Hasina said there was rigging in the polls of 1991,Dr. Kamal Hossain told BBC that the election was a free and fair one.
Dr. Kamal Hossain faced much criticism from Awami League for such remarks to BBC after Awami League lost the polls of 1991. Dr. Kamal Hossain said to Sheikh Hasina at that time that internal conflict inside Awami League and overconfidence were responsible for Awami League's defeat in the election of 1991. As a result the aloofness between Sheikh Hasina and Dr. Kamal Hossain became very much vivid to all concerned.
During that time it became very tough for Dr. Kamal Hossain to stay in Awami League. Newspapers at that time often published reports about Dr. Kamal Hossain's disputes with the senior leaders of Awami League.
At that time Sheikh Hasina asked all the leaders of Awami League to stay aware about the conspirators inside the party. She said that some party leaders were trying to generate rifts inside Awami League. Sheikh Hasina called upon all leaders and activists to stay alert. Though nobody was named in that statement by Sheikh Hasina, political analysts could figure out that hinted reference was made to Dr. Kamal Hossain.
Dr. Kamal Hossain was heavily denounced in the extended meeting of Awami League in March 1992. Dr. Kamal Hossain was able to realize that he would have to find a way out of that predicament. He launched a party called Gonotantrik Forum in June 1992 through a program.
Barrister Syed Isthiaq Ahmed, Dr. Mozaffar Ahmed, Professor Rehman Sobhan, Professor Zillur Rahman Siddiqui, Barrister Amirul Islam and some other dignitaries were present at that event.
AMA Muhith, who is now Finance Minister, associated with Dr. Kamal Hossain during those crucial days while Dr. Kamal Hossain was having wrangles with Awami League and was on his way to found Gono Forum.
Awami League initially found it troublesome that Dr. Kamal Hossain came up with a different political front despite being a leader of Awami League. Political scholars remarked that Dr. Kamal Hossain founded Gonotantrik Forum after becoming cornered in Awami League.
Other leaders of Awami League blamed Dr. Kamal Hossain for tarnishing the image of the party. Awami League held its council on 19 and 20 September 1992. Dr. Kamal Hossain was removed from the presidium membership of Awami League in that council. He was made an adviser which could not make him happy.
It was being speculated during that time that Dr. Kamal Hossain would leave Awami League. In a by-election during that time Awami League nominated Kamal Ahmed Majumder instead of Dr. Kamal Hossain at a constituency in Mirpur in Dhaka. Earlier Dr. Kamal Hossain had lost to BNP candidate Harun Mollah in an election by 2000 votes at that constituency.
Some leaders of Awami League at that time requested the party hierarchy to expel Dr. Kamal Hossain from Awami League. Mohammad Nasim, who was Awami League's organizing secretary during May 1993, demanded the expulsion of Dr. Kamal Hossain that year.
Dr. Kamal Hossain called for a national summit of Gono Forum in August 1993. Dr. Kamal Hossain declared Gono Forum as a political party on 29 August 1993. Before making this announcement, Dr. Kamal Hossain resigned from Awami League. His resignation letter was sent to Sheikh Hasina.
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