Popularly referred to as the Father of Railways, George Stephenson was a British inventor whose pioneering work in the field of civil and mechanical engineering led to the establishment of the world's first public inter-city railway line that used steam locomotives. Apart from building the first railway line, Stephenson is credited with inventing the most famous early railway locomotive, Rocket. Furthermore, it was Stephenson who devised the four feet eight-and-a-half inches railway gauge that has become a standard gauge by convention for most of the world's railways till date. He is also responsible for developing a miners' safety lamp that dramatically reduced the risk of explosion in the mining industry. George Stephenson was born on June 9, 1781 in Wylam, Northumberland to Robert and Mabel Stephenson.
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