Haider al-Abadi declared the Islamic State group defeated in December 2017, shown here in a picture from the prime minister's office. -AFP
Iraqi ex-prime minister Haider al-Abadi is eyeing a sequel to his turbulent single term, he hinted to AFP, warning a failure to tackle sectarianism and corruption risks seeing his country "fall apart".
As the government of incumbent Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi faces growing criticism over poor services, Abadi has been working in the wings to secure a second term, according to multiple sources.
"We have good intentions," he said coyly, when asked about his ambitions in a wide-ranging AFP interview at his home in Baghdad's "Green Zone".
The 67-year-old, who came to office in 2014 without an election as Iraq reeled from the Islamic State group grabbing a third of the country, has sent out feelers to major political blocs who may help him win allies in parliament, a government source said. "He may take advantage of a wave of summertime protests if they happen," said the source.
Soaring summer temperatures - paired with crippling electricity shortages, which restrict refrigeration and air conditioning - often provoke significant unrest in Iraq. Abadi has even reached out to Iraq's powerful Shiite clerics, who can make or break a politician's career, said intermediaries close to the religious establishment.
The rumors of his return have gained so much traction that Abdel Mahdi has repeatedly had to deny allegations he was preparing to resign. Abadi oversaw both the fight against the Islamic State group and a tough response by Baghdad to an independence referendum by the country's Kurds, but his bloc fared poorly in national elections last year.
Abadi painted himself as an opposition figure who could help "guide" the current government. The chief priority should be tackling corruption, he said, in a country ranked by Transparency International as the world's 12th most corrupt. "There is a new kind of state corruption now - selling positions, which happened secretly in the past but now goes on in the open," Abadi told AFP. "Everything has a price."
Graft is endemic across Iraq, where parliament estimates that US$228 billion has vanished into the pockets of shady politicians and businessmen over the last 15 years.
Abadi himself was accused of failing to curb corruption during his term. The ex-premier said the government should also tackle the spectre of sectarian violence, which ravaged Iraq's diverse communities over a decade ago.
"In the past, sectarianism was used as a weapon in the conflict between factions to divide up the spoils of war," he said.
"If Daesh (IS) or another terrorist group returns, or if a cocktail of terrorists and politicians is formed, it'll be so dangerous that everything will completely fall apart."
Abadi himself declared IS defeated in December 2017 after a draining three-year military campaign, a moment that will likely define his legacy. Several months earlier, he had ordered federal troops to retake disputed territories and adjacent oil fields from Kurdish forces after an independence referendum in the autonomous region that saw an overwhelming vote in favour of secession.
Abadi remains largely disliked by the autonomous Kurdish regional government (KRG), led by the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), which he indirectly criticised.
"I have no problems with Kurdish citizens," he said. "But there is a problem with some of the parties which control the region, its wealth and its oil," Abadi said.
He accused the KRG of exporting nearly double the agreed amount from their northern pipeline without federal authorization, asking: "Where are the revenues?"
Abadi's poor ratings in the north notwithstanding, he is one of the rare figures in Iraq widely respected by both the country's Shiite majority - from which he hails - and its Sunni minority.
And in the regional tug-of-war between the US and Iran, both allies of Iraq, Abadi has been seen as closer to Washington's camp.Tensions between the two countries have skyrocketed since the US reimposed tough sanctions on Iran last year, which Abadi had pledged to implement as prime minister.
That stance cost him his premiership, observers say, and parliament voted in Abdel Mahdi to replace him.This month, Abdel Mahdi ordered the Hashed al-Shaabi, a collection of mostly-Shiite, pro-Iran paramilitary units, to integrate into the state's security forces by Jul 31.Abadi, who issued a similar decision in 2017, told AFP the decision was too little, too late. "I believe we lost a year and a half," he said.
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