The use of herbal medicine is increasing day by day in all over the world as these products are easily adaptable to human body and no such side effects. An herbal or medicinal herb is a plant or part of a plant or plant whose substance is used for the treatment or cure of a disease, or that ingredient is used to make a medicine. Since ancient times, people have been using herbal plants to cure diseases.
The ancient Ayurveda scriptures of India are being created through a wonderful combination of medicine, religion and science among the texts of medicine. This Vidya of Ayurveda Shastra has been in vogue for ages. In the fifteenth century, Ibn Sina attracted widespread response to medical science.
His writings "Ash-shifa and Al-Kanun bring about radical changes in the treatment of herbs. By denying the contribution and importance of medicinal plants, modern medical science cannot explain the current state of medicine in any way."
We get a doctor's advice when we are a little sick at different times, but there are many medicinal plants around us that can help solve it. For example, Arjun (Terminaliaarjuna), Ashwagandha (Withaniasomnifera), Aloevera (Aloe vera), Shatamuli(Asparagus racemosus),Basak (Justicia adhatoda), Tulsi (Ocimumtenuiflorum) etc.
Among these, Arjun is a robust tree. It is very useful for the heart and because of its wonderful properties, the Arjun tree is called the Guardian of the Heart. Basak and Tulsi are also useful for cold cough. On the other hand, the jell of aloevera (like part of jell) is very useful for the skin and the hair.
The anti-inflammatory properties of aloevera help to reduce the irritation caused by free radicals in the body. Moreover, the anti-oxidants present in the gelatin have been proven to be effective in arthritis and arthritis problems.
However, in applying the extract of these herbs, the doctor's advice should obtain. Because many times it can be happened the opposite reaction. For example, if a diabetic patient drinks aloevera leaves in order to increase red blood cells in the blood, there is a possibility of producing sugars in the blood, which can be fatal. Therefore, as hidden in herbal plants, the principle of curing disease can be the cause of harm if it does not follow proper rules and procedures.
At present, the use of modern technology in agricultural system has started in our country. Compared to that, the importance of cultivating medicinal plants is not given much importance.
The cultivation of medicinal plants is not being done regulatory or systematically. In the districtof Natore, some farmers have been cultivating commercially Aloevera, Asparagus, Ashwagandha. Apart from this, Bashok leaves are being cultivated in Barguna, Gaibandha and Satkhira.Different pharmaceutical companies in the country bought dried leaves of at a rate of 40 taka per kg. Demand for medicinal plants in the country is increasing day by day.
The weather, climate and soil of our country are suitable for medicinal plants. With the use of biotechnology, there is more opportunity for commercial cultivation of medicinal herbs in safe and environmentfreeprocess. Herbal cosmetics companies and pharmaceutical companies are demanding more than 20,000 tonnes of herbal raw materials annually. Herbal products are imported in Bangladesh worth Tk. 350 to 400 crore every year.
According to the World Food Organization, there is currently $ 62 million market for herbal plants worldwide, which is growing at an ever-increasing rate. Currently, most of this market occupied by India and China. It is possible to reduce the import costs of Bangladesh herbs through quarantine wing of the Department of Agriculture Extension and obtain a plan according to that information.
It is possible to earn foreign currency by cultivating herbal plants that have export demand. Besides, I hope that the cultivation of herbal plants will increase commercially if we take initiative to link the farmers with different pharmaceutical companies of Bangladesh.
Currently, farmers trained on modern technology through the cultivation extension program of medicinal plants. Mother medicinal plants are being set up in 19upazila of the country. Besides, making of 11 medicinal villages is underway in the production of seedlings, which produced by 11 horticulture centers.
Extending the cultivation of medicinal plants of the country will reduce imports from abroad, reduce the medical expenses of poor people, create employment opportunities for women and contribute to nutritional security as well as to bring about purity of the environment.
In the future, it is only the demands of the government to take necessary steps in the commercial cultivation of herbal plants and the cultivation of export-oriented herbal plants through proper planning.
The writer is Program Director, Medicinal Plant Cultivation Extension Program, Department of Agricultural Extension and Ministry of Agriculture. He can be reached at: [email protected]
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