Omar Khayyám was an extremely talented and famous Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. It is believed that Omar adopted the name 'Khayyám' as a mark of respect for his father's occupation. His work as an outstanding mathematician and astronomer led to the reform of the ancient Muslim calendar. Also, the theorems given by him are still applied in mathematics. Despite his work in mathematics and astronomy, Khayyam is best known for his poems. He is also known as the author of his collection of quatrains, the 'Rubaiyat.' He also contributed to the development of non-Euclidean geometry. Reformation of the Persian solar calendar was another feather in his cap. Omar Khayyam died on 4 December 1131, in Nishapur and was buried at the same spot that he had shown to his student Khwájah Nizámi of Samarkand.
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