Even in the golden jubilee year of independence achieved through the self-sacrifice of 3 million Bengalis, war criminals are sitting on foreign soil and spreading the net of conspiracies. They have not even stopped their conspiracies after looting the chastity of 2 Lakh mother and sister. The anti-human forces want to bring back those miserable days of genocide.
Between 25 March to 14 December 1971 Chowdhury Moinuddin and Al-Badr war criminals killed 1200 intellectuals with the help of the Pakistani army. They wanted to destroy the backbone of the Bengali nation. After independence Moinuddin fled to Pakistan. In 1985, Muslim Aid was formed in Pakistan with the patronage of Moinuddin. He also played important role for establishment of Muslim Council of Britain.
Pakistan Jamaat -e-Islami is allied with this British organisation. Not only that, Moinuddin, who was sentenced to death, is the main driving force behind the establishment of Muslim Aid in USA, Australia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka , Bosnia, Sweden and even Bangladesh. He is also involved in conspiracy through a number of dubious organizations, including Islamic Relief.
According to various International Intelligence agencies, the Pakistani spy agency ISI is also touch with Muslim Aid. Now the organisation is raising money in the name of benefiting the poor people by using Facebook and mass media. Although people are encouraged to donate money for the sake of religion, that money is of no use to the poor. For example, they use fake pictures of ambulances in the name of helping the Rohingya in Malaysia.
Jamaat-e-Islami is the largest Islamic political party in Bangladesh. Despite its history of being an active anti-liberation force in Bangladesh during its Liberation War in 1971, it enjoyed political power through its alliance with both of the major political parties, the Awami League (AL) and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) at different periods of time. The Jamaat-e-Islami eventually ended up with the BNP as its primary ally whereas the AL became its rival. The party continued to enjoy political power until the AL started the War Crimes Tribunal in 2008, delivering on its promise made in its election campaign.
Many top leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami, who were actively involved with the Pakistani Army against Bangladeshi nationalists during the liberation war of 1971, were convicted of war crimes and were put under war crimes trials. This ushered in the fall of Jamaat-e-Islami in Bangladesh. This study paper discusses the history of Jamaat-e-Islami; its role in the liberation war of Bangladesh as well as in independent Bangladesh; and the impact of war crimes trial of its leaders globally and in South Asia.
The Jamaat-e-Islami was founded in India as an Islamic organization by an Islamic Philosopher, Abul Ala Maududi in 1941. The inception of Jamaat-e-Islami was as a social organization with the motive to change societies according to Islamic values. The main motive of the organization was to create a unified Indian State of Islamic values.
Being a social organization, Jamaat-e-Islami realized the necessity of government reforms to achieve its goals. Hence, in the course of time, the organization evolved to become a complex social as well as political organization. Despite adopting this political role, the organization remained sceptical of core political principles such as secularism and democracy to such an extent that they considered these concepts to be 'Haram' (Islamic for 'forbidden').
The Jamaat-e-Islami's dream of creating a unified Indian State was shattered when there was a partition of the Indian State in 1947, and two independent nations (India and Pakistan) were created. Pakistan became a predominantly Muslim State, whereas India became a secular nation with a Hindu majority population and a large Muslim minority.
The partition did not merely bring out two independent nations; it also brought two different States based on two significantly different ideologies. Although the Indian State was divided into two nations, the Jamaat-e-Islami did not give up its dream of a unified Muslim state. Two separate wings of this organization were established in both countries.
Present day Bangladesh, being a Muslim majority area, remained a part of Pakistan regardless of its geographical distance to Pakistan. It was named East-Pakistan. Thus began the journey of Jamaat-e-Islami in Bangladesh. The growth of Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan was more convenient since it was a Muslim majority country. Hence, the organization started participating actively in the politics of Pakistan with the intention to bring about an Islamic revolution.
Despite being predominantly one Muslim state, there were several and significant differences between West-Pakistan (present day Pakistan) and East-Pakistan (present day Bangladesh). In addition to the massive geographical distance, some of the major differences were cultural and linguistic. Further, the people of East-Pakistan were politically and economically exploited by their West-Pakistani compatriots, which added to their discontent with the West-Pakistani Government. Therefore, it was not long before the people of East-Pakistan started feeling the need to create a state of their own.
The discontents of the people were first expressed when civil unrest broke out after the Government of Pakistan demanded that Urdu become the national language, despite East-Pakistan being Bengali-speaking. People of East-Pakistan reacted with protests on the streets against such a decision.
The protest, which started initially as a language movement took the form of the liberation war of Bangladesh following the election in 1970. The nationalist movement of East-Pakistan led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the leader of the AL political party of East-Pakistan, forced the West-Pakistani Government to hold free elections. AL won this election, but was denied power by West-Pakistan. This denial of the lawful rights of a legitimately elected government led to the liberation war of Bangladesh in March 1971.
The war continued for nine months until Bangladesh achieved its independence on 16 December 1971. The Jamaat-e-Islami played a vital role during this war. The Jamaat-e-Islami's reaction to the liberation war was along the line of their mission, which was to keep the Muslim community united. The members of Jamaat-e-Islami in Bangladesh provided full support to the Pakistani Army in their efforts against the freedom fighters of Bangladesh/East-Pakistan.
The West-Pakistani Government created the "East-Pakistan Central Peace Committee" (known as Shanti Committee or Bahini in Bengali) which was a vital part of their military operations against the Bengali nationalists. Ghulam Azam, the 'Ameer' ('leader') of Jamaat-e-Islami during this period in East-Pakistan, was one the founding members and top leaders of the Shanti Committee.
Everyone knows about Jamaat's collusion with the government of Pakistan. But ordinary people often forge the Moinuddin past terrible history. Jamaat also has regular contacts with Farook Salman Murad, a member of the UK branch of Muslim Aid. His father Khurram Jha Murad and another war criminal Matiur Rahman Nizami were leaders of Al-Badr. Khurram was the Naib Amir of the Pakistani Jamaat-e-Islami.In 1991, the Bangladesh branch of Muslim Aid was registered in Bangladesh by Naib-e-Amir Maulana Abdus Sobhan of Jamaat-e-Islami. Abdus Sobhan himself is a war criminal.
During the war of liberation in 1971, he was involved in genocide, abduction, rape, looting and inhuman activities in Pabna. Investing Officer Nur Islam confirmed that Sobhan was also involved for establishment of Al-Badr. He was involved in the murder of at least 08 Hindus in Pabna on 17 April 1971. For the long time, Muslim Aid's branch have been providing financial support to various militant organisations.
NSI and DGFI added that Muslim Aid to the list of those involved in financing militants in 2005. But so far BD government has not taken any action against this organisation. In 2017 the Bangladesh government banned the UK branch of Muslim Aid from working with Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar.
The writer is a lawyer and former Secretary of World Peace Council.
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