To solve the mentioned problems, the people of the highest population must form a unity movement, only then will the people of this country get rid of some of the weather losses.
The much awaited 26th World Climate Conference or COP-26 is underway in Glasgow, Scotland. This important conference was held a year later due to the Corona epidemic. In 2015, Article 4 of the Paris Agreement set out 197 states to set more ambitious carbon emissions targets every five years. History testifies that the Kyoto Protocol, signed in Japan in 1997, provided for the 37 industrialized nations to fail to meet their legal obligations to reduce carbon emissions, but did not implement them effectively. Only time will tell how far the Paris Agreement will go without legal obligations.
The United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, Australia, Japan, Canada and the European Union (EU) are among the 27 countries with the highest levels of carbon emissions. China is currently the world's largest emitter (about 28 percent), followed by the United States, the EU, Russia and Japan at 34 percent and India at 2.62 percent. Scientists expect global warming to exceed two degrees Celsius in this century as pollution continues to spread around the world, with adverse effects already being seen. Earlier, the Paris Climate Conference had decided to limit the rise in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030. But the polluting countries have not taken any effective steps to implement that decision.
On the other hand, China, the United States, India, the European Union, Indonesia, Russia, Brazil, Japan, Iran and Saudi Arabia are the world's top emitters of greenhouse gases and world leaders are bargaining for their interests at the climate conference in Scotland. At the conference, the plan to reduce the carbon emissions of any country by 2030 has been presented. At the conference, especially the United States, China, India, including the world's largest carbon emitting countries were in the spotlight. But the failure of industrialized nations to provide financial assistance to address the adverse effects of climate change has created a kind of global confidence. More than 50 million people were affected by floods, droughts and storms in 2020 alone, according to a report by the Emergency Events Database 2020. Seasonal floods and cyclones have affected more than 2.2 billion people in China alone and 9.6 million in South Asia. Of this, the financial losses of Nepal, India and Bangladesh stood at more than 20 billion. Bangladesh and India are among the most vulnerable to natural disasters in South Asia, with 30.6 million people suffering the consequences. As a result of global warming, two-thirds of Bangladesh's land could be submerged in the next 30 years. There is no doubt that if the sea level continues to rise in this way, 100 million people will be displaced in South Asia. In his address to the 28th UN Climate Conference in Glasgow, Scotland on November 2, 2021, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, the President of the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) on the issue of climate change, made four demands to world leaders on tackling climate change.
The four-point demand includes:
1- Major carbon emitters must submit and implement an ambitious National Plan (NDC).
2- Developed countries need to meet their commitment to provide 100 billion in adaptation and mitigation on a half-way basis.
3- Developed countries need to provide safe and environmentally friendly technology to the most affected countries at low cost. 4. Disasters such as rising sea levels, rising salinity, river erosion, floods and droughts have to address the damage and destruction on the issue of climate change, including taking responsibility for displaced migrants.
On the other hand, US President Joe Biden has sharply criticized the absence of superpowers like China and Russia in a very important conference like the climate conference. In criticism, he said China has turned its back on complex and daunting issues such as climate change. Russia has done the same thing. Although the two countries have already signed an agreement to reduce deforestation. According to Biden, the absence of Xi Jinping is a fatal mistake. At the conference, Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina called upon the world leaders to reduce their carbon emissions to the developed countries of the world and presented a number of recommendations, which I think are positive. In this context, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina emphasized the need for joint action by the CVF and the Commonwealth to address the adverse effects of climate change. According to him, climate change is now a global and cross-border problem and no country is free from its dire consequences. Therefore, urgent and decisive steps need to be taken to save future generations from the adverse effects of climate change. The 48 poorest countries, especially the poorest ones in terms of tackling the effects of climate change, but whose contribution to the world's carbon emissions is less than 5 percent, should be given immediate recognition.
The growing number of climate disasters and their effects have put fragile countries at the forefront of irreparable damage; Which is affecting global food, energy, health and economic security. So everyone must take urgent and decisive steps to save this planet and future generations. More than one-third of CVF member countries are members of the Commonwealth and these countries have a long history of implementing commitments and contributing to the challenges of climate change. Bangladesh strongly believes that joint efforts by the CVF and the Commonwealth member states can act as a catalyst for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, which is urgent.
At the same time, some climate impacts are already happening, affecting countries and communities around the world. In such a reality, developed countries should provide financial assistance to the affected countries as well as play a more conscious and responsible role in reducing carbon emissions.
Although everyone knows this, currently the developed countries have more and more nuclear explosions, radioactive materials, carbon emissions and artificial pollutants in these cities are increasingly increasing the levels of environment pollution in our country. Which has been identified as the main cause of Bangladesh's future environmental disaster? The quality of the rich forests of the tropical region is being badly damaged by meeting the needs of the developed world. The world's most environmentally friendly environment is responsible for the most industrialized nations in the developed world.
In those countries, the greater industrialization has become a major threat to the environment. Since the beginning of Industrial Revolution, the developed countries of today are doing the harm of the indiscriminate environment that is suffering from the unhappiness of today's people and other livelihoods of the world. The impact of its devastating losses on the more affected LDCs like us.
World-wide industrialized countries responsible for global climate change, ozone-loss degradation, green house response, nuclear and logistical pollution. In the climate conference held in Doha on 7th December, 2011, the silent role of the developed countries in the context of the financial assistance of the countries affected by the affected countries is astonished by the more damaged countries including Bangladesh.
Although the affected countries in this conference had the great hope that their receipt will be achieved through this year's conference. But in particular Europe and some countries in Europe, more insatiability has tied up with black clouds in the hope of countries like us. Although the affected countries including Bangladesh have played a vital role in the conference, after the conference, the recipients of poverty have received almost zero quotas. Because of the high levels of carbon emissions, improving and imaging emerging countries could not move away from their previous state.
Besides, the promise to pay compensation for damaged countries due to carbon emissions was also not protected. Although the expiry of the Kyoto Protocol expires at the last minute after the bargaining session, it had been increased to 2020 in the second phase, in which the light of the sun shines behind the clouds. That time, the Doha conference will give a $ 40 billion commitment to face the impact of climate change for the next three years and the next step; to give 100 billion dollars to the future, how much will be added to the fate of the disadvantaged countries like us. As a result, our fair receipt book is zero. The way the developed nations are constantly harming the climate of our country, the amount of money supply and cooperation is not enough to counter climate risk, which is really a cause of concern.
We hope that the developed countries will bring generous attitudes towards our rights. Although our neighbors India and China are expending huge amount of budget allocated for climate change to bring the level of carbon emissions to a tolerable level, and on the contrary, we are getting losers much less than our needs. Such discrimination can not be desired by advanced countries. It is now more urgent for the developed countries to be quick to coordinate and demand for the country which is affected by such behavior and inequalities. It is also important to have diplomatic activities and interconnections between the countries affected by the claim. It is better to refrain from the World Bank or any other agency in terms of allocation and receipt of funds. Basically, industrialized nations of the developed world can save us from this deep crisis.
Our success will be from today's conference, that is, if the developed countries make a short-term fast funding system for the affected countries based on 'loss and damage' basis. Now the affected countries will demand carbon emissions and try to get our fair demands and come forward to save the damaged countries. We wish for the good will of the developed countries to fund the risks of climate change.
Md Atikur Rahman is a
columnist & Former Head of PR Section at BUFT