Published:  12:07 AM, 17 January 2022

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) and the Performance of Bangladesh

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) and the Performance of Bangladesh

 Mohammad Al-Amin

All UN Member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly, which provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet present and potential. The 17 SDGs are at their core, and they reflect an urgent call to action for all countries - developed and developing - to collaborate in a global partnership. They appreciate that alleviating poverty and other sorts of deprivation must be accompanied by efforts to improve health and education, eliminate inequality, and accelerate economic growth - all while combating climate change and preserving oceans and forests.At the Earth Summit in 1992, the overwhelming of UN members adopted Agenda 21, a comprehensive plan of action to construct a global partnership for sustainable development to enhance human lives and safeguard the environment.Under the visionary and dynamic leadership of Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh has pursued a people-centered development strategy and satisfied all of the criteria for being upgraded asa developing nation, including having the highest consecutive GDP growth and maintaining macroeconomic stability, resulting in tremendous socioeconomic progress and rising per capita income. To prevent and limit the COVID-19 pandemic, the government adopted a comprehensive action plan that included health and socioeconomic recovery efforts.Bangladesh's eligibility for graduation from Least Developed Country to Developing Country was officially announced by the UN Committee on Development Policy (CPD). Bangladesh, which surpassed the prerequisites in March 2018 and might obtain recognized Developing Country status by 2024, has initiated the graduation process.

This performance reinforces optimism in accomplishing the SDGs. Four of the 17 goals outlined forth in the three SDGs have already been achieved, six are on track, and five require further effort.Bangladesh has had one of the quickest reductions in poverty anywhere in the world, having limited resources. The country has achieved gender equity in primary and secondary schools, with more girls than boys, and has trimmed the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line, infant mortality rate, and the prevalence of underweight children under the age of five years in half, three years ahead of schedule. It has also surpassed its aims to avert malaria fatalities and expand the percentage of individuals who use safer drinking water sources and electricity facilities.Bangladesh is likewise confident in embracing SDG objectives, as one of the top-performing countries in terms of meeting the Millennium Development Goals, and the Prime Minister has proclaimed her sincere commitment to attaining them before 2030.Current tobacco use is prevalent, and family planning requirements are on track.A variety of initiatives have been undertaken to ensure the safety, well-being, and security of vulnerable people in society, such as women and children.

Following are the government's steps in response to the Voluntary National Review of 2017;  Developing an SDGs Action Plan with new projects and programs; launching an SDGs Tracker to track implementation; finalizing an SDGs Financing Strategy for FY 2017 to FY 2030; convening the 1st National Conference on SDGs Implementation Review with representatives from the government, NGOs, CSOs, the private sector, and DPs;  approving 40 priority indicators for localizing SDGs, including "Leaving no one behind," a vulnerable concern in which each District and Sub-District is slipping behind.Bangladesh, on the other hand, confronts significant obstacles in achieving these goals. Environmental, climate change, and disaster risk reduction aspects are incorporated into project design, financial allocations, and implementation processes; as well, a vast green belt along the coast will be built and protected. Sustainable infrastructure, industrialization, and innovation need to be done. the population coveredby 2G technology reached close to 100 percent.Massive efforts are being undertaken to digitally modernize Bangladesh to ensure good governance, increase efficiency, and eliminate waste.According to the Sustainable Development Solution Network's worldwide assessment on the SDGs, Bangladesh ranks last (118) among the BIMSTEC and second last among the SAARC countries, with an SDG index of 149 countries.The COVID-19 has wreaked havoc on the economy and harmed the country's poverty levels, perhaps leading to an increase in hunger and malnutrition. The increased need for imports is exacerbated by a lower land-to-human ratio, even though food output is higher than previously.Bangladesh is trying to cope with COVID-19's negative impacts due to a deficiency of resources.

Despite the considerable inside the health sector, achieving Universal Health Coverage, guaranteeing excellent education across multiple educational streams, and maintaining sustainable urbanization remain obstacles. Our economy will continue to be threatened by climate vulnerability.Development and income inequality are pretty much evident in Bangladesh, which has been challenging for sustainable development.Another major impediment to attaining the SDGs isto stop illicit finance flow and fight corruption.The absence of integration of these objectives into national strategic planning and the lack of proper datais being challenged also.

Up to 2030, extra global investments per year will be required to accomplish the SDGs in c. Bangladesh requires substantial investment in basic infrastructure such as roads, railways, and ports; power plants; water and sanitation; and agriculture and rural development, as well as climate change mitigation and adaptation, health, and education. Investment trends in these sectors are not at the required level.In the last of 2021, the government emphasizes increasing capital through more investment both within the country and abroad as well, especially in, industrial sector. To ensure that all persons can live securely under the rule of law, the government should improve Integrity, Control Corruption, and Strengthen the Right to Information, as well as make the parliamentary process more effective. It should also stop illicit flows, create a public-private partnership,team-based work, and equal distribution of wealth, employment generation as well.Efforts to mobilize resources, human capital, and institutional development with a specific goal in mind.

Our attempts to execute the 2030 Agenda proceed synonymously with our efforts to accomplish our national goal of being an upper-middle-income country by 2031 and a developed country by 2041.

Mohammad Al-Amin is a
freelance writer

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