Pop star Taylor Swift was the UK's most-streamed artist of 2023, topping the end-of-year charts across Spotify, Apple Music and Deezer.
The singer was particularly powerful on Apple's service, where she set an all-time record for the most listeners for any artist in a single year.
But she failed to claim the most-played song on any of the streaming platforms.
On Spotify, that honour went to Dave and Central Cee's summer smash, Sprinter.
Meanwhile, Miley Cyrus claimed the crown on Apple and Deezer with her post break-up anthem Flowers.
Both songs topped the UK charts for 10 weeks earlier this year. Flowers is also the best-selling song of the year to date.
The streaming platforms all released their year-end charts alongside features allowing users to see their personal most-played songs.
Spotify's Wrapped feature also categorises listeners by type - telling fans whether they're a Shapeshifter (quick to move from one artist to the next), or an Alchemist (who creates custom playlists more than typical users).
On Apple Music's Replay, super-fans will be told if they're within the top 100 listeners of their favourite artist.
Only Spotify provided data for the UK's most-streamed album - with Taylor Swift's Midnights topping the charts.
It was followed by R&B star SZA's second album SOS, which featured the massive hit single Kill Bill.
Harry Styles' Harry's House came third, followed by Arctic Monkeys' AM - which turned 10 this year - and Taylor Swift's Lover.
Examining the end-of-year charts from each of the services also uncovered interesting data about their listeners.