The future of food is a big subject! Is our food still fit for purpose. Where it all began…In the early years of mankind, we evolved such remarkable characteristics - especially our large thoughtful brains - that we were able to out-compete much physically stronger species due our abstract thinking skills of making tools and finding edible food through cooking techniques.
We used our environment to our advantage, in a world flourishing with potential fuel sources that only we understood how to use. 40,000 years on, human beings are being left behind in the technological age that they created, but how did we all become so out of sync with our environments? One of the major consequences of this is that we're becoming increasingly malnourished as a population?
King of the jungle to lost in space
The human brain is a phenomenal machine which has created scientific developments, industrial methods and technological advancements. These have propelled society forwards even more so than imagined in 1960s sci-fi films.One primary focus in these developments has been the way in which we produce food, with food producers preferring quantity over quality in the crops that are grown and the animals that are reared.
Plus, a focus on using genetic modification to enable the cultivation of in-organic food without the complexities of growing food naturally. Technology has allowed for food production on a mass scale. But, what do these evolutions mean for humanity, and how can we make meaningful changes to our diet and well-being to survive in this modern world.
When did food lose its meaning?
If you look up the definition of the word 'food', it refers to a nutritious substance that we can eat or drink in order to maintain life and growth. But how much of the food that we eat today can we truly say should be classified as "food" based on this definition?
The food that the majority of us eat nowadays has a high glycaemic load, is low in omega 3 fats and doesn't contain adequate amounts of minerals and nutrients to justly nourish us anymore. Depression, heart disease, cancers and autoimmune diseases have all be linked to mineral and nutrient deficiencies, so we need to take action now, so our caveman-like bodies can survive in this futuristic reality.
The nutritional transition
An interesting illustration of the effects of the western lifestyle on human health is in "nutritional transition" whereby healthy populations in Africa become modernised, eat a more western style diet and then start to develop nutrition-related diseases.
Although further research needs to be conducted, it provides some noteworthy evidence that our diets and environments have a fundamental impact on our well-being, and our current approach to diet is not fit for purpose in the Western lifestyle and needs to be re-evaluated. The "Paleo" movement has provided some awareness of the mismatch between the diet that humans thrived on as part of the Palaeolithic heritage vs. the low-nutrient dense foods that people consume today.
However, the practicalities of eating like a hunter-gatherer, as well as the ethical and environmental considerations, are not always suitable in the busy urban lives in which most of us exist in - there needs to be an alternative that complements our means, rather than trying to eat like our ancestors who lived in a very different world.
Functional foods of the future
Fortified foods enriched with vitamins and nutrients which are also low in sugar and saturated fats, are potential solutions to bridge the gap between our humanly requirements and the nutritional limitations of this new age. A new functional food revolution is emerging, whereby innovative convenient nutrient dense foods are being created to ensure our healthy survival in these new metropolises that we are set to conquer.
A new human strategy
Strategic living and life enhancing approaches to the way we eat and live seems the most intelligent response to the disparity between the human body and these newfangled surroundings that we find ourselves in. Our food needs to rightly support us to achieve a unity.
By bringing food back to its initial purpose in our lives: for nourishment and nutrition rather than eating "empty calorie" foods that have no sustenance, we can change our health and well-being, the way we feel and the impact we have on other people. Here is one for you to ponder as you move through your daily lives: food with nutritional benefit is really just food; anything else you eat is essentially a fraud - at least in terms of health and well-being.
The writer is a nutrition expert
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