Sir Ronald Ross KCB KCMG FRS FRCS, was a British medical doctor who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on the transmission of malaria, becoming the first British Nobel laureate, and the first born outside Europe. His discovery of the malarial parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of a mosquito in 1897 proved that malariawas transmitted by mosquitoes, and laid the foundation for the method of combating the disease.
He was a polymath, writing a number of poems, published several novels, and composed songs. He was also an amateur artist and natural mathematician. Ronald Ross was born in Almora, India, North West of Nepal on 13 May 1857 the eldest of ten children of Sir Campbell Claye Grant Ross, General in the British Indian Army, and Matilda Charlotte Elderton.
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