Published:  12:01 AM, 22 October 2021

The Day of Birth and Death of the Great Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

The Day of Birth and Death of the Great Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him
The Prophet (peace be upon him) is the greatest human being of all time. His holy birth has also been miraculous. His birth has caused a stir all over the world. .Huge enthusiasm and stimulation has been created. He is the only person in the history of the world who has been remembered by all nations, all ages. But all the discussions about when this great man was born take place around the month of Rabiul Awal. Today is the holy 12 Rabiul Awal. .The day is very significant in the history of Islam. Especially 12 Rabiul Awal is a very significant day for two reasons. First, according to the consensus of all historians, it is on this day that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) orphaned millions of devotees and departed from this world.

?Date of birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him): - He died on this day in 632 AD at the age of 63. The Muslim community of the world has been observing this day as the holy Eid Miladunnabi or Siratunnabi (sa). At one time the Arab world was plunged into utter darkness. .Bedin became a man. They forget God and commit evil deeds. Anarchy and chaos appeared everywhere.People were involved in fights and quarrels. Used to worship idols. This age is called 'Ayam Jahiliyat'. .In order to liberate people from this, Allah sent Muhammad (peace be upon him) to this world to show them the path of lightDue to this and in the reality of the Arab world at that time, the importance and significance of this day is much more. His date of birth is April 20. There is disagreement about the date of his birth according to the Arabic Hijri year.Some say that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was born on the 8th of Rabiul Awal. Most hadith scholars call it pure. Ibn Ishaq is one of the foremost biographers of the Prophet (peace be upon him). He said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was born on the 12th of Rabiul Awal, the year of the elephant massacre. (Sirat Ibn Hisham, Vol. 1, p. 158) In the modern era, there is a lot of discussion about Sirat in the book 'R Rahiqul Maktum'.

The text reads: Sayyid al-Mursalin was born on Monday morning, 9 Rabiul Awal, at the base of Bani Hashim in Makkah, the year the elephant incident took place. That year marked the 40th anniversary of the reign of King Anu Shiro of Persia. (R. Rahikul Maktum, Vol. 1, p. 45)In his commentary, Mufti Muhammad Shafi, the author of the Ma'areful Qur'an, mentions some more opinions about the date of birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him). He wrote: Everyone agrees that the Prophet Karim (peace be upon him) was born on the Monday of the month of Rabiul Awwal. .But there are four famous descriptions for setting the date - 72, 8, 10 and 12 Rabiul Awal. Of these, Hafiz Mughaltai (Rah.) Has accepted the narration of the 2nd date and commented that the other narrations are weak. But the famous description is the description of the 12th.

This date has been taken in the book 'Tarikh Ibn Ashir'. Researcher Mahmud Pasha has taken 9 dates in the light of astronomy. This is a statement contrary to everyone's opinion and without formula. .Since the places of the rising of the moon are different, there is not so much trust and reliance on the calculation that everyone can be opposed on the basis of it. .[Mufti Muhammad Shafi (Karachi): Sirat Khatamul Ambia, Islamia Qutb Khana, Dhaka, 1996 page 17] Although there is controversy over the date of birth of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), there is no disagreement about Monday as the day. .Because the biographers agree that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born on a Monday between the 8th and 12th of Rabiul Awwal. This Monday, 8 or 9 or 12 is the only difference in the calculation.

(Islamic Encyclopedia, Islamic Foundation, Bangladesh .Differences between Miladunnabi and Siratunnabi: Everyone agrees that the holy birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took place on the Monday of Rabiul Awwal. But in terms of setting the date Various descriptions are available. However, most of the scholars have stated that the 12th of Rabiul Awwal, the year in which the Companions of Phil attacked Baitullah, is a unique day in the history of the world. .On this day, the main goal of the evolution of night and day for the creation of the world, the glory of Adam and the children of Adam, the mystery of the custody of the ark of Noah, the supplication of Abraham and the living symbol of the prophecy of Moses and Jesus, Muhammad (peace be upon him)Wisallam is blessed in this world.Sirat Granth) Who are 'Ashab Phil'? According to the Companions, King Abrahah of Yemen attacked Baitullah with an army of elephants. They are called 'Phil of the Companions'.Miladunnabi means the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). .And Siratunnabi means to discuss the biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

The difference between Miladunnabi and Siratunnabi is that if Miladunnabi is observed, only the birth of the Prophet is discussed. There is no discussion of Nabiji's 63 years. .And if we talk about Siratunnabi, we find not only the discussion of birth but also the whole 63 years of discussion of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from birth to death. Those who say observe Miladunnabi. .And reject Siratunnabi. Miladunnabi is not a matter to be observed. And if you observe or discuss Siratunnabi, it is also a matter of knowledge and discussion for the Ummah. Loving the Prophet is a very precious thing. But that should not be an exaggeration. Meanwhile, we need to be very careful. .You can know the events and conditions of the period from the birth of the Prophet to the attainment of prophethood. At the time of attaining prophethood, one can know the moral and religious condition of Hejaz and the whole world. Know the events and conditions of the period from prophethood to migration. .Know the things mentioned and act accordingly, then you can be a pure Ummah. May Allah Ta'ala grant us the grace to follow and imitate the Messenger and grant us the grace to act accordingly. Amen.


Dr Muhammad Mahtab Hossain Mazed is a Founder of Bangladesh Patient Welfare Society



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