Published:  02:17 AM, 25 June 2017

Eid-ul- Fitr: History and importance

Eid-ul- Fitr: History and importance

Eid is a message of happiness . It is one of the most important and biggest  muslim festival of all over  the world. And such as a  well known festival  throughout the world.  Though Eid-ul Fitr known as a Islamic religions festival ,but  the spirit of the festival  is so overwhelming that many non- muslims participate in eid celebration. They also thronging  to make their eid shopping or buying new dresses.

From it we can say that  the festival of Eid-ul Fitr has  turned into a universal festival.  Muslim Community celebrates two great festivals annually named Eid-ul Fitr and other is Eid-ul azha. In Bangladesh, the muslim community will celebrates the gratest religions festivals on  next Monday or Tuesday, depending on the sighting on the moon. Eid ul fitr is a Arabic word literally , `Eid' Means happiness, or festivity which originate from the Arabic word `Aud' and fitr means  breaking of fast, conclusion of  fast.  Therefore, Eid-ul-Fitr means the festival of Fast - Breaking which return after a year.

However, Eid-ul- Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawaal, the tenth month in the Muslim calender, to mark the end of a month long fast during the month of Ramdan. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm and with great fervour throughout the country. It is also a day of forgiveness ,  day of peace , day of thanksgiving.  In Bangladesh it is also known as Ramzan-er  eid or rozar eid. On this day, Muslim rejoice for having been given the strength to fulfil their obligation of fasting.

The day on which Eid falls is a day of great merry-making. It is a day of love, affection, harmony and brotherhood.  Infact, the festival lasts three days,but most of the celebration occurs on the first day. Eid is observed colorfully in a benefiting manner and with a great zeal and zest. And folk fair added as a accompanying source of pleasure during eid. And the children were used to buying something from it.

The common tradition in Bangladesh is the gathering of families at the patriarchal home after the eid prayers. Before the special eid meal is served ,  young children line up in front of each adult family members who presents money to the children .

Eid-ul-Fitr is enthusiastically celebrated by all Muslims of the world. But how did this exciting festival originate? According to the Islamic tradition and historians,  It was in the year 610 A.D.  Prophet Muhammad (sm) was meditating in the Mount Hera when He was 40 years old. one night  during the month of Ramadan the prophet vision the angel of jibrail(ah) , The messenger of Allah while he was meditating  in the mount of Hera and said to Read but Muhammad (sm) replied  that he could not to read.

The Jibrail (am) teaches him  five veses from the Holy Quran that is also known as first verse of the Holy quran. These verses  are-  "Recite in the name of Your Allah who creates you,creates men from a clot. Recite  and your lord is the most beautiful who teaches by the man. He teaches the man what he doesn't know ." from then jibrail(am) visited with Muhammad ( sm) with many times following his 23 years and tought him the holy knowledge in verses. This sacred knowledge consists of the code of conduct  that Allah wants his people to maintain on earth. As a mark of respect to Allah and show gratitude to him  for the true knowledge  that he gave to the people.

The prophet asked  his to pass the month of Ramadan  in fasting, prayers and other austerities  and end of the month  long restraint with festive celebration. This practice laid the foundation of Eid- ul Fitr. And The first Eid-ul Fitr was celebrated in 624 A.D by the prophet Hazrat Muhammad (sm)  with his friends and relatives after the victory of battle jang -e  Badr .

According to a Hadith attributed to Anas ibn Malik, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, the two festivals of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha were instituted by the Prophet after his journey from Mecca to Medinah. "When the Prophet arrived in Medinah, he found people celebrated two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities to which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.

The  importance of Eid-ul- Fitr is purely spiritual. It is the day when the Muslims thank Allah for having given them the will, the strength and the endurance to observe fast and obey His commandment during the holy month of Ramadan. Eid signifies gladness and happiness and it perfectly enjoyable with the nearest and dearest one's .On this day, special prayers are held the world over, between sunrise and noon, when the Muslims assemble, in large congregations, wearing  their best dresses standing shoulder to shoulder, demonstrating for everyone the universal brotherhood  which is another distinguishing feature of Islam .

On this day all the muslim irrespective of class, economic and social status ,perform the Eid Salat under open the sky and they forget their own class, status, power and they embrace each other. This manner teaching us about equality of Islam. According to Tibrani after performing Eid salat  an Angel announces in a loud voice at that times-  You have been forgiven from your creator , now enter your respective homes with your blessed bodies and souls, this the day of rewards, so, this day has been named as the  'Gift Day'.

We should remember that Eid doesn't refer only rejoice and wearing best dresses but it can offer little pleasure for a person who has not observed the fast properly. So for such a person the 'Eid is a sorrow; and this also is a meaning of the same word. It is an opportunity lost, and therefore a sorrow. It is also mentioned in Hadith - "Eid is not a matter of festival for those who didn't  fast during the month of holy Ramadan. Wore a new cloths, used fragrant items; rather Eid bears a  cautionary message of punishment for these people, these people should be repent for their misdeeds and also make pleadge  in  this manner that they will not indulge in evil activities any more" from this statement the great significance here laid.

The true joy of Eid -ul-Fitr only for those people who observe the fasts regularly, eid is for them who went hard practice; who materialized all the principals of the holy Ramadan make the best of this precious opportunity and make a special progress spiritually, for they have a reason to be happy; therefore, the word 'Eid generally means a happiness that is renewed every year because Muslims collectively are expected to observe the fasts.

It is obligatory for  all muslim to maintain austerities in the holy month of Ramadan but maximum muslim expand lavishly without adhering to this maxim of principals. Whereas Islam there is provision of Fitra ( Charity) in order to the poor people can  celebrate of  Eid -ul- Fitr along with rich people by wearing new or best dresses.

This day, in Muslim world, brings rejoicing and happiness. The rejoicing is not, however, at the departure of the month of Ramadan; it is the happiness which man feels after successfully completing an important task. Eid al-Fitr is a day of great merriment and thanksgiving. Muslims celebrate by gathering with friends and family, preparing sweet delicacies, wearing new clothes, giving each other gifts and putting up lights and other decorations in their homes. A common greeting during this holiday is Eid Mubarak, which means, "Have a blessed Eid!"

The writer is a lecturer of Department of Philosophy at Feni South East Degree College

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